Parental Involvement Strongly Impacts Student Achievement, New Research Finds
By Lori Wright, Media Relations
May 28, 2008
New research from UNH shows that students do much better in school when their
parents are actively involved in their education.
Researchers Karen Smith Conway, professor of economics, and her colleague
Andrew Houtenville, senior research associate at New Editions Consulting, found
that parental involvement has a strong, positive effect on student achievement.
The research is reported in “Parental Effort, School Resources, and
Student Achievement,” which appears in the spring 2008 issue of the Journal
of Human Resources.
“Parental effort is consistently associated with higher levels of achievement,
and the magnitude of the effect of parental effort is substantial. We found
that schools would need to increase per-pupil spending by more than $1,000
in order to achieve the same results that are gained with parental involvement,” Conway
Parents seemed particularly interested in the academic achievements of their
daughters. The researchers found parents spent more time talking to their daughters
about their school work during dinnertime discussions.
“There are a number of theories about why girls seem to garner more
attention from their parents than boys. One possibility is that girls are more
communicative with their parents so these conversations about academics are
easier for parents to have with their daughters,” Conway said.
The researchers also found that parents may reduce their efforts when school
resources increase, thus diminishing the effects of improved school resources.
“As an economist, I look for reactions to a specific action so it is
not surprising to me that parents may scale back their involvement with their
child’s education when a school adds resources. As a result, increasing
school resources may not be as effective as we expect since they may diminish
parental involvement,” Conway said.
The researchers used national data from more than 10,000 eighth-grade students
in public and private schools, their parents, teachers, and school administrators.
The researchers were particularly interested in how frequently parents discussed
activities or events of particular interest to the child, discussed things
the child studied in class, discussed selecting courses or programs at school,
attended a school meeting, and volunteered at the child’s school.
To evaluate school resources, the researchers looked at per-pupil expenditures
on instructional salaries and a set of five school characteristics: student-teacher
ratio, lowest salary received by a teacher, percentage of teachers with a master’s
or a doctoral degree, percentage of the student body not in the school’s
subsidized lunch program, and percentage of nonminority students in the student