Pilot Project Helps Coastal Communities Adapt to Climate Change
By Dave Kellam, Piscataqua Region Estuaries Partnership
June 25, 2008
With a $50,000 Climate Ready Estuaries grant from the U.S. Environmental Protection
Agency, the New Hampshire Estuaries Project (NHEP) at UNH is initiating a pilot
project in the Oyster River watershed to identify road culverts that are subject
to failure during the increasingly extreme storm events projected for New England
by climate change scientists.
The NHEP is partnering with the Town of Durham and the Strafford Regional
Planning Commission on a comprehensive inventory of most major road-stream
culverts throughout the Oyster River watershed – including portions of
the towns of Durham, Madbury, Dover, Lee, and Barrington. Based on the size
and condition of each culvert assessed, its capacity to handle increased flows
due to climate change and development impacts will be evaluated.
The project team will then develop recommendations for culvert improvements
based on risk analysis and cost estimates. In this way, the project will demonstrate
to public works staff, road agents, and other community stakeholders how climate
change is expected to impact an important component of community infrastructure
and safety, while providing an action plan to make improvements. The results
of this watershed-based storm impact modeling pilot project will be shared
with other area communities as well as the other 27 National Estuary Programs
across the country.
According to researchers at the Climate Change Research Center at UNH, the
frequency of extreme rainfall events is increasing. At the same time, watersheds
are being altered by impervious surfaces associated with development, such
as roads, roofs, and parking lots. Both of these factors contribute greater
quantities of water running off the land and increase the potential for damaging
floods. Many of the culverts currently found under local roads were not designed
to safely pass the amount of water that can be anticipated due to these changes.
This means that during future flood events road-stream crossings are likely
to fail, which could result in damage to infrastructure and property, loss
of life, and degradation of aquatic ecosystems.
The highly destructive rainstorms of 2006 and 2007 have sparked heightened
regional awareness of increasing storm intensity and other impacts associated
with climate change. “We wanted a project that could demonstrate tangible
environmental, economic, and social impacts associated with climate change,” says
Derek Sowers, NHEP project coordinator. Sowers hopes this project will act
as a catalyst for inspiring local communities to take proactive measures to
adapt to changing conditions.
Sowers notes, “Citizens and community leaders need to understand that
climate change impacts are happening and will only get more severe over the
next 50 years – we can plan for and adapt to those impacts now, or respond
to them in crisis mode as they play out in our communities and incur much greater
environmental and economic costs.”
The NHEP is a collaborative program involving governmental agencies, universities,
nonprofit organizations, businesses and the public to protect, enhance and
monitor the environmental quality of the region’s coastal bays and rivers.
The NHEP is funded in part by a grant from the U.S. Environmental Protection
Agency, through an agreement with UNH. Learn more at www.nhep.unh.edu.