New Research Shows Child Victims Keep Getting Victimized
By Lori Wright, Media Relations
June 6, 2007
Once a child has become a victim of a crime or a peer assault, he or she
stays at high risk to be re-victimized, according to a new national study
conducted by researchers at UNH. The findings suggest that not enough is
being done to help protect children in the wake of victimizations.
The results of the study appear in the May 2007 issue of the journal Child
Abuse and Neglect in the article “Re-victimization patterns in a
national longitudinal sample of children and youth.”
UNH researchers followed a nationally representative sample of nearly
1,500 children ages 2 to 17 for two years. More than half the kids who
had a crime or physical assault committed against them in the first year
suffered another such attack in the next.
The sexually victimized children were the ones at highest risk for a repeat
victimization, having nearly seven times the vulnerability in the second
year compared to kids who had not been sexually victimized earlier, according
to the researchers.
“One of the things that also surprised us was that crimes of one
sort greatly increased the risk of crimes of another sort as well. If you
experienced a property crime in the first year you were four times more
likely to experience a sexual offense in the second year,” said David
Finkelhor, director of the UNH Crimes against Children Research Center
and lead author of the study.
Children's likelihood to experience a continuing high level of victimization
from one year to the next was increased if they had other adversities in
their lives such as natural disasters, illnesses or accidents.
Some children, however, managed to escape from conditions of high victimization
after a one-year period of vulnerability. The feature that most identified
this group of children was having more good friends, the researchers found.
“We are not doing enough to identify and help protect kids who get
victimized,” Finkelhor said. “We need to be making safer schools
and families for these vulnerable kids.” He pointed to the finding
about good friends to suggest that more might be done to help build protective
peer networks around kids who seem to be at risk.