Gluten

Gluten

The Spectrum of Gluten-Related Disorders 

More and more people are requiring a gluten-free diet (gluten is found in wheat, rye, barley and oats) for a variety of reasons. Some individuals have gluten sensitivity, others have wheat allergy, while still others have been diagnosed with celiac disease.

What is the difference between celiac disease, gluten sensitivity and wheat allergy?

Symptoms/Facts

Gluten sensitivity disorders

(1 in 7 people)

Celiac Disease

(1 in 133 people)

Wheat Allergy

(6 million people have allergy)

Damage to Intestinal Lining

None to Mild

Yes

No

Genetic

Unknown

Yes

Unknown

Immune System trigger/autoimmune disease

No

Yes

Yes immune system trigger, no autoimmune disease

Dermatitis herpetiformis (skin rash)

No

Yes

No, but may develop other skin rashes or hives

Life-threatening symptoms, swelling, hives

No

No

Yes

Symptoms of gluten sensitivity and Celiac Disease are often mistaken for other disorders such as Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS). Celiac Disease is associated with approximately 300 symptoms, many of them subtle and seemingly unrelated. In addition, a signigicant percentage of people wtih Celiac Disease have no symptoms at all. Common symptoms of Celiac Disease include weight loss, abdominal pain, iron deficiency anemia, chronic fatigue and depression. 

Principles of a gluten-free diet

  1. Life-long avoidance of gluten (from wheat, rye, barley and oats)
  2. Read labels for hidden gluten sources
  3. Avoid cross-contamination
  4. Choose gluten-free restaurant foods
  5. Choose gluten-free nutritional supplements and medications
  6. Choose pure uncontaminated oats
  7. Eat more whole grains and nutritious grains
  8. Eat a well-balanced diet, rich in vitamins/minerals

Being gluten-free at UNH

Dining Services 

Health Services

Gluten-free cooking and eating out 

Gluten-free cooking and shopping resources

Gluten-free restaurants 

How can I be sure my medications do not contain gluten?

Additional resources

Books and Magazines

Websites

Mobile Apps 

  • Detective 
  • Is that Gluten Free 
  • iEatOut Gluten and Allergen Free
  • Gluten Free Lifestyle
  • GlutenFreeTravelSite
  • Gluten-Free Registry
  • Food Smartlinst for Smart Phone
  • Gluten-Free Ultimate Solution by G-Free Foodie