Bystander Behavior
Bullying, Peer and  Sibling
 Child Advocacy Centers

 Exposure to Domestic Violence
Firearm Violence
General Child Victimization
Hate and Bias Victimization
Impacts of Child Victimization
Missing Children
Physical Abuse
Polyvictimization ACES (adverse childhood experiences)

Prostitution of Juveniles (Sex Trafficking)

Self-Directed Violence 

Sexual Abuse
Sexual and Gender Minority Youth

Technology/Internet Victimization

Trends in Child Victimization


University of New Hampshire Researchers Launch NIJ-funded Study on Hate Crime Investigations

Researchers at the University of New Hampshire are sending out confidential mail surveys to 4,000 randomly selected law enforcement agencies across the U.S. as part of a new study on hate crime investigations. The study, funded by the National Institute of Justice (NIJ), will collect information on hate crime investigations that occurred in 2018. The mail survey will be followed by telephone interviews with investigators and prosecutors to collect de-identified information on a nationally representative sample of cases. The study aims to provide the public with better information about these crimes, help inform policy and procedural recommendations, improve national data collection strategies, and improve law enforcement training protocols.

Read the press Release

More Information about the HC-LEA Study


Many Unaware of Legal Responsibility to Report Child Abuse

A landmark study by researchers at the University of New Hampshire finds gaps regarding awareness of mandatory reporting laws among the general public in New Hampshire, a state where all adults are required by law to report suspected child abuse to authorities, as well as misperceptions that reporting suspected abuse may lead to worse outcomes for children



Updated Trends in Child Maltreatment, 2018

New national data for 2018 show a marked increase in sexual abuse for the first   time in over 15 year, up 6% from 2017.


Crimes against Children Research Center

Current Projects

The Fourth National Survey of Internet & Technology Facilitated Child Exploitation (N-JOV4)

Funded by: The National Institution of Justice, award 2020-MU-CX-K002. The overall goals of the proposed Fourth National Juvenile Online Victimization Survey (N-JOV4) is to protect children against online dangers by developing a better understanding of new threats, problems, and concerns encountered by law enforcement in its effort to protect children in the changing technological environment; tracking and monitoring new and continuing threats; and identifying which investigative strategies are associated with more favorable outcomes in protecting children.

Hate Crime Investigations and Offender Profiles: A National Survey of U.S. Law Enforcement Agencies (HC-LEA)

Funded by: National Institute of Justice, award 2018-MU-MU-0029.  This study aims to provide the public with better information about hate crimes, help inform policy and procedural recommendations, improve national data collection strategies, and improve law enforcement training protocols.

Methodological Research to Support the National Survey of Children’s Exposure to Violence (NatSCEV)

Funded by: Bureau of Justice Statistics and Office of Juvenile Justice Delinquency Prevention. This project is intended to review the methods and instruments used in the National Survey of Children’s Exposure to Violence (NatSCEV) and make recommendations for its improvement.

National Incidence Studies of Missing, Abducted, Runaway and Throwaway Children (NISMART-4)

Funded by: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency and Prevention.  U.S. Department of Justice, award 2017-MC-FX-K011. The principal goal of NISMART is to design and test data collection methodologies that result in accurate national statistics on the number and characteristics of missing children reported to law enforcement.

A Study of Trauma and Resiliency among Forensic Examiners Investigating Child Pornography

Funded by: The National Institution of Justice, award 2019-R2-CX-0034 The present study seeks to understand the impact and management of stress, burnout, and vicarious trauma in order to advance resiliency among forensic scientists and police investigators who investigate cases involving child sexual abuse material. (Press Release)



Youth internet safety education: Aligning programs with the evidence base

This article reviews Internet safety education initiatives and makes the case that their goals would be better accomplished by building on the foundation and experience of the more evidence-based educational programs currently addressing related forms of offline risk, rather than as stand-alone efforts.

UNH Receives Federal Grant to Study Technology-Facilitated Child Sexual Exploitation


Child Victims of Stereotypical Kidnappings Known to Law Enforcement in 2011

This bulletin summarizes findings on the incidence and characteristics of stereotypical kidnappings of children in 2011 and compares them with 1997 findings. The key findings include the following:

  • An estimated 105 children were victims of stereotypical kidnappings in 2011, virtually the same as the 1997 estimate. Most kidnappings involved the use of force or threats, and about three in five victims were sexually assaulted, abused, or exploited.
  • Victims were, most commonly, ages 12 to 17, girls, white, and living in situations other than with two biological or adoptive parents. Half of all stereotypical kidnappings in 2011 were sexually motivated crimes against adolescent girls.

Most Perpetrators of 2011 Sterotypical Kidnappings were Male, were 18 to 35, and Were White or Black in Equal Proportions.  About 70 Percent were Unemployed, and Roughly Half Had Problems With Drugs or Alcohol.

* Read the press release
* Read the bulletin

Beyond Bullying: Aggravating Elements of Peer Victimizaation Episodes

This article addresses questions about how to define “bullying” and distinguish more and less serious forms of peer victimization. The study shows that in peer victimization episode, there are features other than “power imbalance” that contribute independently to negative impact.  These features include prominently sexual content, as well as weapon involvement and injury.  The implication is that policy needs to focus on a broader range of episodes than simply bullying with its emphasis on power imbalance.

Read the article

Cyberbullying Less Emotionally Harmful To Kids Than In-Person Harassment, Study Finds

 Contrary to popular belief, cyberbullying that starts and stays online is no more emotionally harmful to youngsters than harassment that only occurs in-person and may actually be less disturbing because it’s likelier to be of shorter duration and not involve significant power imbalances, according to a CCRC study published by the American Psychological Association.

* Read the American Psychological Association press release
* Read the article

Weapon Involvement in the Victimization of Children

Estimates from the Second National Survey of Children’s Exposure to Violence indicate that more than 17.5 million youth in the United States have been exposed to violence involving a weapon in their lifetimes as witnesses or victims, or more than 1 in 4 children, according to a CCRC paper published in Pediatrics. More than 2 million youth in the United States (1 in 33) have been directly assaulted in incidents where the high lethality risk weapons of guns and knives were used.

Read the article

In the News

What schools can do to reduce the risk that teachers and other educators will sexually abuse children

Some suggestions for preventing sexual abuse in school environments.

Read the Article

How universal childhood trauma screenings could backfire

A universal screening system requires a lot of testing and planning to work out the bugs and rigorous clinical evaluation to make sure that it provides more benefit than harm. Let’s not ruin a good idea by setting up an expensive and time-consuming universal system before we know how to make it work.

Read the Article

Commentary: Ills of spanking emerge: Studies suggest it's risky to use corporal punishment

The American Academy of Pediatrics has new guidelines to counsel parents against the use of spanking. This editorial outlines some of the thinking behind that advice.

Read the Commentary

Sexual assault among adolescents: 6 facts

Some important underappreciated facts about the prevalence of sexual assault among adolescents, its under-reporting, and the availability of evidence-based educational programs to reduce its frequency.

Read the op-ed

My Turn: The path to preventing teacher sexual abuse

The St. Paul's School report on teacher sexual misconduct is a sign of progress. We can do a much better job at preventing misconduct once schools become willing to raise the profile of this uncomfortable topic and admit the vulnerability endemic to the teaching environment.

Read the op-ed

Op-Ed (The Conversation) How sexual partner abuse has changed with social media

In a large study the CCRC recently did on sexual partner abuse and social media, we found that sextortion mostly involves the classic dynamics of abusive relationships, or malicious online seducers with a few digital-age twists. The dynamics are offensive and manipulative, to be sure, but also sadly familiar. Similar dynamics have been seen in CCRC research about sexting and other internet-related sex crimes.

Read the op-ed

Op-Ed (Washington Post): Banning apps won’t protect kids from predators. They’re in danger offline, too.

Lovell’s horrific case stokes our fear of a misleading archetype: the stranger abductor/molester/killer. After waning over time, this fear has grown, thanks to the notion that the Internet gives strangers access to our children on an order previously unseen. But this particular anxiety actually threatens to divert us from important strides we’ve made over the last generation in understanding how to bolster children’s safety. We need to keep in mind the atypical features of this type of crime.

Read the Washington Post op-ed

Op-Ed (Concord Monitor): ‘Bystanders’ are key to preventing sexual assault

A new generation of programs for adolescents, such as “Coaching Boys Into Men,” “Green Dot” and “Shifting Boundaries,” target “bystanders” rather than potential perpetrators or victims of sexual assault. These programs are proving to be effective at reducing rates of sexual assault and other forms of violence and increasing support for victims.

Read the Concord Monitor op-ed